Braces: Dental braces also called as braces, orthodontic cases, or cases these are the devices used in orthodontics that will align and straighten the teeth and help to position them with regard to a person's bite. They will also help to improve dental health. They are generally used to correct underbites, crooked teeth, malocclusions, deep bites, misaligned bite, cross bites, overbites, open bites and various other flaws of the teeth and jaw. Dental Braces can be either structural or cosmetic and they are often used in conjunction with other orthodontic appliances to help to widen the palate or jaws and assist in shaping the teeth and jaws. A dental brace consists of wires, bands and other removable or fixed corrective applications.
- Brackets are small squares that will bonded directly to front of the each tooth with a special dental bonding agent or they are attached to the orthodontic bands. They will act like a handles, holding the arch wires that moves the teeth. There are many types of brackets, that including stainless steel and tooth-colored ceramic or plastic brackets that are cemented to the back of teeth, in order to hide them from view.
- Orthodontic bands are made up of stainless steel, tooth-colored materials or clear that are cemented to the teeth with dental bonding agents. They will provide an anchor for the brackets by wrapping around each tooth
- Spacers are called separators that will fit between teeth to create a small space prior to the placement of orthodontic bands.
- Arch wires attaches to the brackets and act as the tracks to guide the movement of the teeth. Arch wires are made of either metal or tooth-colored or be clear.
- Ties are small rubber rings or fine wires that will fasten the arch wire to the brackets. Ties can be clear, metal, or colored.
- A buccal tube on the band of last tooth that will hold the end of the arch wire securely in place.
- Tiny elastic rubber bands are called ligatures, these will hold the arch wires to the brackets.
- Springs are placed on the arch wires between brackets to pull, open, push or close the spaces between the teeth.
ALIGNERS: Aligners are the series of tight-fitting, custom-made retainers that will slip over the teeth. Aligners are orthodontic devices that are used as incremental transparent aligners to adjust teeth, alternative to the dental braces. They are best for adults or teens because the invisible aligners are custom-built for a tight fit. These aligners are typically used for the patients who have mild or moderately crowded teeth or persons having minor spacing issues. Patients who have severe crowding or spacing problems or severe underbites or crossbites or overbites may need more complex treatment. These aligners are made from a clear acrylic material or plastic and fit tightly over the teeth. These can be removed for flossing, eating and brushing. Dentist will place a new aligner every few weeks to continue moving of the teeth into a desired position. The length and the time of treatment with aligners depends upon the severity of each case. Typically, aligner treatment can be as short as 3 weeks or as long as 6 months. Still a shorter treatment than traditional braces.
Clear aligners are a great option for the patients who want a straighter smile but they don’t want to wear traditional metal braces. There are several advantages to use clear aligners:
- They can be removable, so it is easy to brush and floss after meals
- Clear aligners are easy to keep clean and wash
- Clear aligners are more comfortable and less likely to irritate yourcheeks and gums